Andrew Monaghan


Scientist III
monaghan at

Job Duties

Climate research and downscaling for a variety of applications.

Professional Interests

Numerical modeling as a tool for understanding and investigating weather and climate. I am particularly interested in recent and future climate change, with emphasis on the linkages between climate and human health.


B.S., Civil Engineering, 1998, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK

M.S., Atmospheric Sciences, 2003, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Ph.D., Atmospheric Sciences, 2007, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH


  • Monaghan, A.J., C.W. Morin, D.F. Steinhoff, O.V. Wilhelmi, M.H. Hayden, D.A. Quattrochi, M.H. Reiskind, A.L. Lloyd, K.A. Smith, C.A. Schmidt, P. Scalf, and K.C. Ernst, 2016: On the seasonal occurrence and abundance of the Zika virus vector mosquito Aedes aegypti in the contiguous United States. PLoS Currents Outbreaks, 1, doi:10.1371/currents.outbreaks.50dfc7f46798675fc63e7d7da563da76.

  • Monaghan, A.J., K.M. Sampson, D.F. Steinhoff, K.C. Ernst, K.L. Ebi, B. Jones, and M.H. Hayden, 2016: The potential impacts of 21st century climatic and population changes on human exposure to the virus vector mosquito Aedes aegypti. Climatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1679-0.

  • Kay, S.L., J.W. Fischer, A.J. Monaghan, J.C. Beasley, R. Boughton, T.A. Campbell, S.M. Cooper, S.S. Ditchkoff, S.B. Hartley, J.C. Kilgo, S.M. Wisely, A.C. Wyckoff, K.C. VerCauteren, and K.M. Pepin, 2016: Quantifying drivers of wild pig movement across multiple spatial and temporal scales. Movement Ecol., submitted.

  • Dickinson, K.L., A.J. Monaghan, I.J. Rivera, E. Kanyomse, J. Adoctor, R. Kaspar, A.R. Oduro, C. Wiedinmyer, 2016: Changing Weather and Climate in Northern Ghana: Comparison of Local Perceptions with Meteorological and Land Cover Data. Regional Environmental Change, doi:10.1007/s10113-016-1082-4.

  • Steinhoff, D.F., A.J. Monaghan, L. Eisen, M.J. Barlage, T.M. Hopson, I. Tarakidzwa, K. Ortiz-Rosario, S. Lozano-Fuentes, M.H. Hayden, P.E. Bieringer, and C.M. Welsh-Rodriguez, 2016: WHATCH'EM: A Weather-Driven Energy Balance Model for Determining Water Height and Temperature in Container Habitats for Aedes aegypti. Earth Interactions, 20, 1-31. doi:10.1175/EI-D-15-0048.1.

  • Eisen, R.J., R.J. Clark, A.J. Monaghan, L. Eisen, M.J. Delorey, K. Horiuchi, and C.B. Beard, 2016: Host-seeking phenology of Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs in northwestern California in relation to calendar week, woodland type and weather conditions. J. Med. Entomol., doi:10.1093/jme/tjw155.

  • Ernst, K.C., K.R. Walker, P. Reyes-Castro, T.K. Joy, A.L. Castro-Luque, R.E. Diaz-Caravantes, M. Gameros, S. Haenchen, M.H. Hayden, A.J. Monaghan, E. Jeffrey-Guttierez, Y. Carriere, and M.R. Riehle, 2016: Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) longevity and differential emergence of dengue in two cities in Sonora, Mexico. J. Med. Entomol., in doi:10.1093/jme/tjw141.

  • Hu, L., A.J. Monaghan, M.J. Barlage, and J. Voogt, 2016: Hot spots: the impact of directional anisotropy on MODIS land surface temperature for urban areas. Remote Sens. Envioron., 181, 111-121. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.043.

  • Marsha, A., S.R. Sain, M.J. Heaton, A.J. Monaghan, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2016: Influences of climatic and population changes on heat-related mortality in Houston, Texas. Climatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-016-1775-1.

  • Eisenhauer, I.F., C.M. Hoover, J.V. Remais, A.J. Monaghan, M. Celada, and E.J. Carlton, 2016: Short report: Estimating risk of domestic water source contamination following precipitation events. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 94, 1403-1406.

  • Hahn, M.B., C.S. Jarnevich, A.J. Monaghan, and R.J. Eisen, 2016: Modeling the geographic distribution of Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus (Acari Ixodidae) in the contiguous United States. J. Med. Entomol., doi:10.1093/jme/tjw076.

  • Dickinson, K.L., M.H. Hayden, S. Haenchen, A.J. Monaghan,K. Walker, and K. Ernst, 2016: Willingness to pay for mosquito control in Key West, Florida and Tucson, Arizona. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 94 775-779.

  • Conlon, K., A.J. Monaghan, M.H. Hayden, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2016: Potential impacts of future climatic and land use changes on intra-urban heat exposure in Houston, Texas. PLoS ONE, 11, e148890.

  • Hu, L., A.J. Monaghan, and N.A. Brunsell, 2015: Investigation of urban air temperature and humidity patterns during extreme heat conditions using satellite-derived data. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 54, 2245-2259.

  • Miller, L.M., N.A. Brunsell, D.B. Mechem, F. Gans, A.J. Monaghan, R. Vautard, D.W. Keith, and A. Kleidon, 2015: Two methods for estimating limits to large-scale wind power generation. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 112, 11169-11174. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1408251112.

  • Springer, Y.P., C.S. Jarnevich, D.T. Barnett, A.J. Monaghan, and R.J. Eisen, 2015: Modeling the present and future geographic distribution of the Lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (Ixodida: Ixodidae), in the continental United States Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 93, 875-890.

  • Morin, C.W., A.J. Monaghan, M.H. Hayden, R. Barrera, and K.C. Ernst, 2015: Meteorologically Driven Simulations of Dengue Epidemics in San Juan, PR. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis., 9, e0004002. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004002.

  • Hayden, M.H., J.L. Cavanaugh, C. Tittel, M. Butterworth, S. Haenchen, K. Dickinson, A.J. Monaghan, and K.C. Ernst, 2015: Post Outbreak Review: Dengue preparedness and response in Key West, Florida. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 93, 397-400. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.15-0128.

  • Monaghan, A.J., S.M. Moore, K.M. Sampson, C.B. Beard, and R.J. Eisen, 2015: Climate change influences on the annual onset of Lyme disease in the United States. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, 6, 615-622. doi:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2015.05.005.

  • Dickinson, K.L., E. Kanyomse, R. Piedrahita, E. Coffey, I. Rivera, J. Adoctor, R. Aligiria, D. Muvandimwe, M. Dove, V. Dukic, M. Hayden, D. Diaz-Sanchez, V. Adoctor, D. Anaseba, Y. Slichter, N. Masson, A.J. Monaghan, A. Titiati, D. Steinhoff, Y-Y. Hsu, R. Kaspar, B. Brooks, A. Hodgson, M. Hannigan, A.R. Oduro and C. Wiedinmyer, 2015: Research on Emissions, Air quality, Climate, and Cooking Technologies in Northern Ghana (REACCTING): Study Rationale and Protocol. BMC Public Health, 15, doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1414-1.

  • Ernst, K.C., Haenchen, S., Dickinson, K., Doyle, M.S., Walker, K., A.J. Monaghan, and M.H. Hayden, 2015: Awareness and support of release of genetically modified "sterile" mosquitoes, Key West, Florida, USA. Emerg. Inf. Dis., 21, doi:10.3201/eid2102.141035.

  • Hahn, M.B., A.J. Monaghan, M.H. Hayden, R.J. Eisen, M.J. Delorey, N.P. Lindsey, R.S. Nasci, and M. Fischer, 2015: Meteorological conditions associated with increased incidence of West Nile virus disease in the United States, 2004-2012. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 92, 1013-1022.

  • Heaton, M.J., S.R. Sain, A.J. Monaghan, M.H. Hayden, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2015: An Analysis of an Incomplete Marked Point Pattern of Heat-Related 911 Calls. J. Am. Statistical Assoc., 110, 123-125. doi:10.1080/01621459.2014.983229.

  • Moore, S.M., A.J. Monaghan, J.N. Borchert, J.T. Mpanga, L.A. Atiku, K.A. Boegler, J. Montenieri, K. MacMillan, K.L. Gage, and R.J. Eisen, 2015: Seasonal fluctuations of small mammal and flea communities in a Ugandan plague focus: evidence to implicate Arvicanthis niloticus and Crocidura spp. as key hosts in Yersinia pestis transmission. Parasites and Vectors, 8, doi:10.1186/s13071-014-0616-1.

  • Vanvyve, E., L. Delle Monache, A.J. Monaghan, and J.O. Pinto, 2015: Wind resource estimates with an analog ensemble approach. Renewable Energy, 74, 761-773, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.08.060.

  • Steinhoff, D.F., A.J. Monaghan, and M. Clarke, 2015: Projected impact of 21st century ENSO changes on rainfall in Central America and northwest South America from CMIP5 AOGCMs. Clim. Dyn., 44, 1329-1349, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2196-3.

  • Moreno-Madrinan, M.J., W.J. Crosson, L. Eisen, S.M. Estes, M.G. Estes Jr., M. Hayden, S.N. Hemmings, D.E. Irwin, S. Lozano-Fuentes, A.J. Monaghan, D. Quattrochi, C.M. Welsh-Rodriguez, and E. Zielinski-Gutierrez, 2014: Correlating Remote Sensing Data with Abundance of Pupae of the Dengue Virus Mosquito Vector, Aedes aegypti, in Central Mexico. Int. J. Geo-Info., 3, 732-749. doi:10.3390/ijgi3020732.

  • Lozano-Fuentes, S., C. Welsh-Rodriguez, A.J. Monaghan, D.F. Steinhoff, C. Ochoa-Martinez, B. Tapia Santos, M.H. Hayden, and L. Eisen, 2014: Intra-annual changes in abundance of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Ochlerotatus) epactius (Diptera: Culicidae) in high-elevation communities in Mexico. J. Med. Entomol., 51, 742-751, doi:10.1603/ME14015.

  • Hu, L. N.A. Brunsell, A.J. Monaghan, M.J. Barlage, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2014: How can we use MODIS land surface temperature to validate long-term urban model simulations?. J. Geophys. Res. Atm., 119, 3185-3201, doi:10.1002/2013JD021101.

  • Monaghan, A.J., L. Hu, N.A. Brunsell, M.J. Barlage, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2014: Evaluating the impact of urban morphology configurations on the accuracy of urban canopy model temperature simulations with MODIS. J. Geophys. Res. Atm., 119, 6376-6392, doi:10.1002/2013JD021227.

  • Abdussalam, A.F., A.J. Monaghan, D.H. Steinhoff, V.M. Dukic, M.H. Hayden, T.M. Hopson, J. Thornes, and G.C. Leckebusch, 2014: The impact of climate change on meningitis in northwest Nigeria: an assessment using CMIP5 climate model simulations. Wea. Clim. Soc., 6, doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00068.1.

  • Eisen, L.S., A.J. Monaghan, S. Lozano-Fuentes, D.F. Steinhoff, M.H. Hayden, and P.E. Bieringer, 2014: The Impact of Temperature on the Bionomics of the Vector Mosquito Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti, With Special Reference to the Cool Geographic Range Margins. J. Med. Entomol., 41, doi:10.1603/ME13214.

  • Heaton, M.J., S.R. Sain, T.A. Greasby, C.K. Uejio, M.H. Hayden, A.J. Monaghan, J. Boehnert, K. Sampson, D. Banerjee, V. Nepal, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2014: Characterizing Urban Vulnerability to Heat Stress using a Spatially Varying Coefficient Model. Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, 8, 23-33, doi:10.1016/j.sste.2014.01.002.

  • Steinhoff, D.F., D.H. Bromwich, J.C. Speirs, H.A. McGowan, and A.J. Monaghan, 2014: Austral Summer Foehn Winds over the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica from Polar WRF. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., doi:10.1002/qj.2278.

  • Pinto, J.O., A.J. Monaghan, L. Delle Monache, E. Vanvyve, and D.L. Rife, 2014: Regional Assessment of Sub-Sampling Techniques for More Efficient Dynamical Climate Downscaling. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 27, 1524-1538. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00291.1.

  • Abdussalam, A.F., A.J. Monaghan, V.M. Dukic, M.H. Hayden, T.M. Hopson, G.C. Leckebusch, and J. Thornes, 2014: Climate influences on meningitis incidence in northwest Nigeria. Wea. Clim. Soc., 6, 62-76. DOI:10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00004.1

  • Moore, S.M., R.J. Eisen, A.J. Monaghan, and P.S. Mead, 2014: Meteorological influences on the seasonality of Lyme Disease in the United States. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 90, 486-496. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0180.

  • Monaghan, A.J., M. Barlage, J. Boehnert, C.L. Phillips, and O.V. Wilhelmi, 2013: Overlapping interests: The impact of geographic coordinate assumptions on limited-area atmospheric model simulations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 2120-2127. DOI:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00351.1.

  • Steinhoff, D.F., D.H. Bromwich, and A.J. Monaghan, 2013: Dynamics of the Foehn Mechanism in the McMurdo Dry Valleys Antarctica from Polar WRF. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 139, 1615-1631. DOI:10.1002/qj.2038.

  • Oleson, K.W., A. Monaghan, O. Wilhelmi, M. Barlage, N. Brunsell, J. Feddema, L. Hu, and D.F. Steinhoff, 2013: Interactions between urbanization, heat stress, and climate change. Climatic Change, doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0936-8.

  • Rife, D.L., E. Vanvyve, J.O. Pinto, A.J. Monaghan, C.A. Davis, and G.S. Poulos, 2013: Selecting representative days for more efficient dynamical climate downscaling: Application to wind energy. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 52, 47-63, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-016.1.

  • Bromwich, D.H., J.P. Nicolas, A.J. Monaghan, M.A. Lazzara, L.M. Keller, G.A. Weidner and A.B. Wilson, 2013: Central West Antarctica among the most rapidly warming regions on Earth. Nature Geoscience, 6, 139-145, doi:10.1038/ngeo1671.

  • Lozano-Fuentes, S., M.H. Hayden, C. Welsh-Rodriguez, C. Ochoa-Martinez, B. Tapia-Santos, K.C. Kobylinski, C.K. Uejio, E. Zielinski-Gutierrez, L. Delle-Monache, A.J. Monaghan , D.F. Steinhoff, and L. Eisen, 2012: Dengue virus mosquito vectors at high elevation in Mexico. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 87, 902-909.

  • Lozano-Fuentes, S., C. Welsh-Rodriguez, M.H. Hayden, B. Tapia-Santos, C. Ochoa-Martinez, K.C. Kobylinski, C.K. Uejio, E. Zielinski-Gutierrez, L. Delle-Monache, A.J. Monaghan , D.F. Steinhoff, and L. Eisen, 2012: Aedes (Ochlerotatus) epactius Dyar & Knab along an elevation and climate gradient in Veracruz and Puebla States, México. J. Medical Entomology, 49, 1244-1253.

  • Kuttel, M., E.J. Steig, Q. Ding, A.J. Monaghan, and D.S. Battisti, 2012: Seasonal climate information preserved in West Antarctic ice core water isotopes: Relationships to temperature, large-scale circulation, and sea ice. Climate Dyn., 39, 1841-1857.

  • Moore, S.M., A.J. Monaghan, K.S. Griffith, T. Apungu, P.S. Mead, and R.J. Eisen, 2012: Improvement of disease prediction and modeling through the use of meteorological ensembles: Human plague in Uganda. PLoS ONE, 7, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044431.

  • Dukic, V., M. Hayden, A. Adams Forgor, T. Hopson, P. Akweongo, A. Hodgson, A. Monaghan , C. Wiedinmyer, T. Yoksas, M. Thomson, S. Trzaska, and R. Pandya, 2012: The role of weather in meningitis outbreaks in Navrongo, Ghana: A Generalized Additive Modeling Approach. J. Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Stats., doi: 10.1007/s13253-012-0095-9.

  • Monaghan, A.J., K. MacMillan, S.M. Moore, P.S. Mead, M.H. Hayden, and R.J. Eisen, 2012: A regional climatography of West Nile, Uganda, to support human plague modeling. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 51, 1201-1221.

  • Eisen, R.J., J. Borchert, J. Mpanga, L. Atiku, K. MacMillan, K. Boegler, J. Montenieri, A.J. Monaghan, and K.L. Gage 2012: Flea diversity as an element for persistence of plague bacteria in an east African plague focus. PLoS ONE, 7, e35598, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035598.

  • MacMillan, K., A.J. Monaghan, T. Apangu, K.S. Griffith, P.S. Mead, S. Acayo, R. Acidri, S.M. Moore, J.T. Mpanga, R.E. Enscore, K.L. Gage, and R.J. Eisen, 2012: Climate predictors of the spatial distribution of human plague cases in the West Nile region of Uganda. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 86, 514-523.

  • Lee, Hyongki, C.K. Shum, I. Howat, A.J. Monaghan, Y. Ahn, J. Duan, J-Y Guo, C-Y Kuo, and L. Wang, 2012: Continuously accelerating ice loss over Amundsen Sea catchment, West Antarctica, revealed by integrating altimetry and GRACE data. Earth and Planetary Sci. Letts., 321-322, 74-80.

  • Church, J.A., N.J. White, L.F. Konikow, C.M. Domingues, J. G. Cogley, E. Rignot, J.M., Gregory, M.R. van den Broeke, A.J. Monaghan, and I. Velicogna, 2011. Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961-2008. Geophys. Res. Letts., 38, L18601, doi:10.1029/2011GL048794.

  • Bromwich, D.H., J.P. Nicolas, and A.J. Monaghan, 2011: An assessment of precipitation changes over Antarctica and the Southern Ocean since 1989 in contemporary global reanalyses. J. Climate, 24, 4189-4209.

  • Rignot, E., I. Velicogna, M.R. van den Broeke, A.J. Monaghan, and J. Lenaerts, 2011: Acceleration of the contribution of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise. Geophys. Res. Letts., 38, L05503, doi:10.1029/2011GL046583.

  • Rife, D. L., J. O. Pinto, A. J. Monaghan, C. A. Davis, and J. R. Hannan, 2010: Global distribution and characteristics of diurnally varying low-level jets. J. Climate, 23, 5041-5064.

  • Monaghan, A. J., D. L. Rife, J. O. Pinto, C. A. Davis, and J. R. Hannan, 2010: Global precipitation extremes associated with diurnally-varying low-level jets. J. Climate, 23, 5065-5084.

  • Speirs, J.C., D.F. Steinhoff, H.A. McGowan, D.H. Bromwich, and A.J. Monaghan, 2010: Foehn winds in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica: the origin of extreme warming events. J. Climate, 23, 3577-3598.

  • Fountain, A.G., T.H. Nylen, A.J. Monaghan, H.J. Basagic, and D.H. Bromwich, 2010: Snow in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Int. J. Climatol., 30, 633-642.

  • Tedesco, M., and A.J. Monaghan, 2010: Climate and melting variability in Antarctica. EOS., 91, 1-2, doi:10.1029/2010EO010001.

  • Tedesco, M., and A.J. Monaghan, 2009: An updated Antarctic melt record through 2009 and its linkages to high-latitude and tropical climate variability. Geophys. Res. Letts., 36, L18502, doi:10.1029/2009GL039186.

  • Fogt, R. L., J. Perlwitz, A. J. Monaghan, D. H. Bromwich, J. M. Jones, and G. J. Marshall, 2009: Historical SAM variability. Part II: 20th century variability and trends from reconstructions, observations, and the IPCC AR4 models. J. Climate, 22, 5346-5365.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, and D.P. Schneider, 2008: 20th century Antarctic air temperature and snowfall simulations by IPCC climate models. Geophys. Res. Letts., 35, L07502, doi:10.1029/2007GL032630.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, W. Chapman, and J.C. Comiso, 2008: Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 113 D04105, doi:10.1029/2007JD009094.

  • Monaghan, A.J., and D.H. Bromwich, 2008: Advances in describing recent Antarctic climate variability. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 89 1295-1306.

  • Monaghan, A.J., and D.H. Bromwich, 2008: Global warming at the poles. Nature Geoscience, 1 728-729.

  • Wee, T-K., Y-H. Kuo, D.H. Bromwich, and A.J. Monaghan, 2008: Assimilation of GPS radio occultation refractivity data from CHAMP and SAC-C missions over high southern latitudes with MM5 4DVAR. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 2923-2944.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, R.L. Fogt, S-H. Wang, P.A. Mayewski, D.A. Dixon, A.A. Ekaykin, M. Frezzotti, I.D. Goodwin, E. Isaksson, S.D. Kaspari, V.I. Morgan, H. Oerter, T.D. van Ommen, C.J. van der Veen, and J. Wen, 2006: Insignificant change in Antarctic snowfall since the International Geophysical Year. Science, 313, 827-831.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, and S-H. Wang, 2006: Recent trends in Antarctic snow accumulation from Polar MM5. Philosophical Trans. Royal. Soc. A, 364, 1683-1708.

  • Wen, Jiahong, K.C. Jezek, A.J. Monaghan, S. Bo, R. Jiawen, P. Huybrechts, 2006: Accumulation variability and mass budgets of the Lambert Glacier-Amery Ice Shelf system at high elevations. Ann. Glaciol., 43, 351-360.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, J.G. Powers, and K.W. Manning, 2005: The climate of the McMurdo, Antarctica region as represented by one year of forecasts from the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System. J. Climate, 18,1174-1189.

  • Bromwich, D.H., A.J. Monaghan, K.W. Manning, and J.G. Powers, 2005:Real-time forecasting for the Antarctic: An evaluation of the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS). Mon. Wea. Rev.,133, 579-603.

  • Bromwich, D.H., A.J. Monaghan, and Z. Guo, 2004: Modeling the ENSO modulation of Antarctic climate in the late 1990s with Polar MM5. J. Climate, 17, 109-132.

  • Bromwich, D.H., A.J. Monaghan, J.G. Powers, J.J. Cassano, H. Wei, Y. Kuo, and A. Pellegrini, 2003: Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS): A case study from the 2000/2001 field season. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 412-434.

  • Carrasco, J.F., D.H. Bromwich, and A.J. Monaghan, 2003: Distribution and characteristics of mesoscale cyclones in the Antarctic: Ross Sea east to the Weddell Sea. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 289-301.

  • Monaghan, A.J., D.H. Bromwich, H. Wei, A.M. Cayette, J.G. Powers, Y.H. Kuo, and M. Lazzara, 2003: Performance of weather forecast models in the rescue of Dr. Ronald Shemenski from South Pole in April 2001. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 142-160.

  • Powers, J.G., A.J. Monaghan, A.M. Cayette, D.H. Bromwich, Y-H. Kuo, and K.W. Manning, 2003: Real-time mesoscale modeling over Antarctica: The Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1533-1545.

  • Van Woert, M.L., E.S. Johnson, L. Langone, D.L. Worthen, A.J. Monaghan, D.H. Bromwich, R. Meloni, and R.B. Dunbar, 2003: The Ross Sea circulation during the 1990s. In Antarctic Research Series, Biogeochemical Cycles in the Ross Sea, (G. Ditullio and R. Dunbar eds.), 78, 5-34.




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